Dual VET


Dual VET or Apprenticeship

In recent years, there has been renewed interest in ‘dual VET’ or ‘apprenticeship’ where classroom instruction is combined with workplace training. The term ‘dual VET’ may relate to any VET programme in which organisation of the learning process is based on alternation between an educational institution and a training enterprise. The term ‘apprenticeship’ refers traditionally to arrangements where learners are employees of the training enterprise (rather than ‘VET students’) and spend most of the training process at the workplace.
Dual VET/apprenticeship is considered an attractive policy option, helping to address challenges of youth unemployment or skills mismatches. Countries with strong VET systems and well-established apprenticeships tend to have lower youth unemployment rates. Evidence shows apprenticeships ease and shorten labour market transitions of young people. Further, apprenticeship has strong potential to equip learners with knowledge, skills and competences that meet employers’ needs due to company involvement in learning processes and training provision. Although providing training may be costly to companies (depending on duration and intensity of training, type of skills developed: company-specific versus more general skills, etc.), evidence shows that in a well-functioning apprenticeship system, a large share of training companies can recoup their training investments by end of the training period.

The Council declaration on the European alliance for apprenticeship invites Member States, in cooperation with social partners and stakeholders, to undertake VET system reforms by introducing apprenticeship pathways or improving existing schemes to increase quality and attractiveness of apprenticeship schemes.


Dual VET in Spain

On the other hand, the Royal Decree 1529/2012, of 8th November establishes the Training and Apprenticeship Contract and the basis of dual vocational training and reflects a firm commitment to the participation of companies, not only in the training design, but also through a shared responsibility in the teaching and learning process. This will be carried out through projects that will be implemented by the Autonomous Communities, which will help develop subsequent regulations tailored to the regional needs.

The number of students, training centres and companies involved in dual VET projects has been growing since the above-mentioned Royal Decree entered into force.

Dual VET goes beyond the mere teaching activity in a company or an educational institution. It is an effective means of knowledge transfer between educational institutions and companies, which in turn results in an unquestionable improvement of training quality, company innovation potential, and ultimately, of the general competitiveness of those educational institutions and companies involved, not to mention the better employability of those who study programmes included in this type of provision.

Thus, Dual VET has been explicitly recognised as a type of provision in the LOMCE, being described as “the combination of training initiatives and actions that, in joint responsibility with companies, aim at the professional qualification of individuals, combining the teaching and learning processes in educational institutions with those at the workplace”.


Dual VET at the Polytechnic of Granada

Sector branches in VET 

AFD Physical and sports activities

Higher Technician in Sport and Physical Activities Recreation

EOC Construction and civil work

Higher Technician in Building Projects

ELE Electricity and electronic

Higher Technician in Electrotechnical and Automated Systems

IFC Information and communications technology

Higher Technician in Web Applications Development

IMA Installation and maintenance

Higher Technician in Thermal and Fluids Installations Maintenance

TMV Transport and vehicles maintenance

Higher Technician in Motor Vehicles


Offer Dual VET at the Politechnic of Granada

Partner companies